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Compartment Syndrome

 

Compartment Syndrome

What is Compartment Syndrome?

Compartment syndrome is where increased pressure in a confined space (or compartment) in the body causes pain to the sufferer. This can occur in the hand, forearm, upper arm, buttocks leg and foot although the most common place is the knee.
 
Symptoms
  • Pain usually occurs even at rest but will be worse with movement
  • The pain with compartment syndrome will be felt worse than the actual injury
  • Numbness and pins and needles can also occur where the affected area is also pale and feel cold to the touch
Cause
  • Usually the result of injury to the area where the injury causes swelling to the compartment of the limb. This causes the pressure within the compartment to rise which restricts blood flow (and oxygen) to the affected area.
  • If left untreated this could cause the muscles and tissue to die
Treatment
  • Compartment syndrome must be treated as soon as possible to prevent permanent damage
  • Oxygen may be given via a face mask
  • A fasciotomy is carried out which is an operation done on the affected area to relive pressure
 
 
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