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Deep Vein Thrombosis

 
 
Shin and Calf Support
Shin and Calf Support
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Variable Compression Calf & Shin Support
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Deep Vein Thrombosis

What is Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in normal veins (usually leg veins) and is normally in the deeper veins that go through the muscles of the calf and thigh rather the then ones on the surface. Thrombosis can possibly affect other upper limbs
 
Symptoms
  • Pain and tenderness in calf
  • Swelling of affected area of calf
  • Color and temperature changes of the calf
Cause
These blood clots can be formed due to:-
  • Immobility which causes the blood to flow slowly making it more likely to clot (sitting for an extended period such as plan journey)
  • Damage to lining of the vein will increase the likelihood of repeated blood clots
  • Conditions that cause the blood to clot more easily (thrombophilia)
  • The contraceptive pill and Hormone replacement tablets can increase risk of blood clotting
  • People with cancer or those who are obese are more prone to blood clots
Treatment
  • Anticoagulant medication (such as warfarin) thins the blood and prevents the blood clot from getting larger or forming so easily
  • Compression stockings will reduce the risk of developing post thrombotic syndrome (where the blood clot travels to a risk site such as lung or brain)
  • Walking regularly to increase circulation
  • Occasionally an operation may be used to destroy or remove the clot
Prevention
  • Avoid long periods of immobility if possible
  • Take 30 to 60 minutes brisk walks daily to improve circulation
  • Statin drugs may help prevent deep vein thrombosis
 
 
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